Individualistic Explanation According to the individualistic explanationthe poor have personal problems and deficiencies that are responsible for their poverty.
Contexts, 5 214— Be careful how you answer this one. Introduction to Sociology, 7th edition. These scholars argue that inequality is not necessarily a function of society, but rather a result of institutional arrangements that perpetuate inequality from generation to generation.
Some jobs are more important than other jobs. The focus of functionalism on elements of social life in relation to their present function, and not their past functions, makes it difficult to use functionalism to explain why a function of some element of society might change, or how such change occurs.
Definitions of Functionalism and Conflict Theory: Even where it may at times be more feasible to reach a settlement between the largest groups, others should be involved in the process as early and as closely as possible, even if they were not parties to the conflict. They generally find that American workers like their jobs much more than Marx anticipated but also that the extent to which they like their jobs depends on the income their jobs bring, the degree of autonomy they enjoy in their jobs, and other factors.
They also expanded Marx's idea that the key conflict in society was strictly economic. Both perspectives can be viewed as two faces of the same society.
This is a derivative of Social Problems: Second, the functionalist explanation implies that the most important jobs have the highest incomes and the least important jobs the lowest incomes, but many examples, including the ones just mentioned, counter this view.
Among Americans, smoking decreases as income increases. Inequalities can occur between individuals, creating social classes, but also between countries and between cultural or ethnic groups.
She finds that conflict is three times more likely to break out where inequalities between different ethnic, religious or regional groups are high than where they are average.
Conversation is an interaction of symbols between individuals who constantly interpret the world around them. Order and stability might exist in the presence of extreme income inequality.
Wealth, power, and prestige are qualities that all people desire. Another concept that is stressed by Functionalists is collective consciousness. Symbolic interactionism This perspective focuses on social interaction in the workplace, on how employees respond to problems in their workplaces, and on how they perceive the work they do.
The nonmaterial benefits that work provides for many people are important and should not be discounted.
The explanation she gives is that exclusion from education is more likely to be the result of the systematic discrimination of a particular group. Continuity and Change by a publisher who has requested that they and the original author not receive attribution, which was originally released and is used under CC BY-NC-SA.
Conflict Theory and Functionalism Conflict Theory and Functionalism There are three main theories of sociology; functionalism, conflict theory and symbolic interactionism.
In their view, the bourgeoisie, or ruling class, owns the means of production, while the proletariat, or working class, does not own the means of production.
Conflict theorists argue that inequality is a result of larger socio-structural forces that manipulate those with the least power and privilege by promoting competition and controlling wages in favor of the wealthy. Mechanical solidarity is a form of social cohesion that arises when people in a society maintain similar values and beliefs and engage in similar types of work.
Although you might be tempted to answer with brain surgery, if no coal were mined then much of our society could not function.
People who run corporations without owning them still benefit from increased production and greater profits. Work gives people an income and also provides them some self-fulfillment and part of their identity. This includes looking at the ways in which inequalities are addressed, devoting attention to citizenship and property rights and inclusive peace processes, and making sure that reconstruction efforts in fragile post-conflict situations do not ignite renewed inequalities.
An important function of work is that it provides a context for coworker friendships. It makes the individuals more effective and self-critical, and it makes the group more adaptable, responsive and flexible to change.
College Student Journal, 43, — Critics also claim that the perspective justifies the status quo and complacency on the part of society's members. More generally, gynecologists and nurses always act in a nonchalant, matter-of-fact manner, which sends the patient an implicit message: These perspectives offer sociologists theoretical paradigms for explaining how society influences people, and vice versa.
Using the functionalist theory, we can understand stratification better as this theory views society as a system that is set of interconnected parts which together form a whole.
Talcott Parsons ( 79).
Gender inequality is the major source in inequality in society. People act on the basis of the interpreted meanings attached to interaction with others.
None of the above exemplifies the functionalist theory. Conflict Theory and Functionalism This paper will focus on two of those theories, functionalism and conflict theory. The objective is to delineate the assumptions of two out of the three theoretical perspectives and apply these assumptions to an analysis of social stratification.
critiquing and expanding the sociology of inequality: comparing functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives page 2 critiquing and expanding the sociology of inequality: comparing functionalist, conflict, and interactionist perspectives the conventional wisdom in sociology, at least as expressed in the.
The first type of explanation follows logically from the functional theory of stratification and may be considered an individualistic explanation. The second type of explanation follows from conflict theory and is a structural explanation that focuses on problems in American society that produce poverty.
A Comparison of Functionalism and Conflict Theory Both perspectives can be viewed as two faces of the same society. For example, one of the basic problems facing a nonwhite individual in the functional model is that of high alienation and loss of identity.The conflict theory as a better explanation of income inequality in comparison to the functionalist